The target audience for this CKS topic is healthcare professionals working within the NHS in the UK, and providing first contact or primary healthcare. No major changes to clinical recommendations have been made, but the topic has been restructured. May — reviewed.
The scale runs from 0 to A pH of less than 7 is considered acidic, and a pH of more than 7 is basic. Keep reading to learn more about healthy pH levels, how to correct an imbalance, and how to maintain overall vaginal health.
If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Vaginal discharge is a common complaint that is often considered trivial and thus incorrectly managed by the clinician. Empiric diagnosis and treatment based on either history or appearance of the discharge alone is inadequate and frequently results in inappropriate treatment and repeated visits by the patient.
Do you know the difference between normal vaginal discharge and abnormal vaginal discharge? Having vaginal discharge is a natural part of being a woman, but sometimes changes in it can signal a problem. The basic function of your vagina is to provide a route from the outside of your vagina to your uterus and the rest of your internal reproductive system.
Although many cases of vaginal discharge are not caused by sexually transmitted infections and do not need to be treated, common curable sexually transmitted infections can present with this symptom. Controlling the spread of sexually transmitted infections and HIV are key public health priorities worldwide. Clinicians need to be aware of emerging epidemiological data, the different presentations of vaginal discharge, and how to approach their management so that the symptom can be treated according to its aetiology box 1.
Vaginal discharge is fluid—usually white or clear—that comes out of the vagina. Most women have vaginal discharge. Some women have discharge every day, while other women only have discharge occasionally.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal odor and discharge. It is caused by a change in the type of bacteria found in the vagina. Normally, bacteria belonging mostly to the Lactobacillus family live harmlessly in the vagina and produce chemicals that keep the vagina mildly acidic. In bacterial vaginosis, Lactobacillus bacteria are replaced by other types of bacteria that normally are present in smaller concentrations in the vagina.
Any woman who has ever watched a celebrity flip her shiny hair in a TV commercial knows how vitally important it is to use a pH-balanced shampoo. A vaginal pH of 3. At its extreme, the result of too much bad bacteria is bacterial vaginosis BV.